Everything you need to know about MBBS and MD to make the right choice

Everything You Need to Know About MBBS and MD

Here it is again, the season of admissions! And with it comes the anxiety of securing a good seat and choosing the right field. This process can be an overwhelming one for both students and parents, especially when the area of interest is the medical one.

Are you confused about choosing between MBBS and MD? Here is everything you need to know about it.

Difference between MBBS and MD

The similarities between MBBS and MD have always been a point of debate. Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS), is an undergraduate program for which students from class 12 are considered to be eligible. Whereas Doctor of Medicine (MD) is a postgraduate course for which students who have graduated with a degree of MBBS are eligible.

You don’t need an MD degree for practicing as a physician. Having an MBBS degree is the only mandate for practicing as a physician. If you are someone who wishes to start a clinic as soon as possible, then MBBS is the right option for you. If you are someone who is looking to work as an expert in a particular field, then MD is the right option for you. But you need to bear in mind that for pursuing any specialization as a doctor, it is mandatory first to pursue MBBS.

The course structure

Understanding the course structure will help you understand the degree. It will give you an idea of about what to expect from the course and how much prep is needed. Five and a half years are required in order to pursue MBBS in India, the final one year of which consists of a mandatory internship. The preceding four and half years are purely academic. There are nine semesters for the whole course, which includes the following subjects:

  • Human Anatomy
  • Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery Specializations
  • General Medicine
  • Obstetrics
  • Orthopedics
  • Anesthesiology
  • Human Physiology including Biophysics
  • General Surgery
  • Biochemistry
  • Introduction to Humanities and Community Medicine
  • Forensic Medicine including Toxicology
  • Ophthalmology
  • Radiotherapy
  • Gynecology
  • Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  • Psychiatry
  • Ear, Nose, and Throat
  • Pediatrics

The MBBS internship learning schedule revolves around various departments of the hospital.

MD is a three-year course and is based on acquiring knowledge in the desired field of specialization. The course has six semesters and is more practical-based. The course does not focus much on theoretical knowledge. Some of the many types of specialties you can do are Radiology, Pharmacology, Neurology, Cardiology, and Oncology. A thesis is the most crucial part of the MD course and is a research project that you have to do under the counsel of a recognized postgraduate teacher.

Admission procedure

There is a fixed admission procedure for both MBBS and MD in India.

For MBBS, you need to have a qualifying score in any of these three examinations:

  • NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test): A score in this examination can enable you to take admission in around 500 private and government medical and dental colleges all over India. These colleges do not include the ones that are controlled by AIIMS and JIPMER.
  • AIIMS (All India Institute of Medical Sciences): AIIMS is considered as one of the most prestigious medical colleges in India and has 800 seats available all over the country. These seats are from various AIIMS institutions situated in New Delhi, Jodhpur, Bhopal, Nagpur, Raipur, Rishikesh, Bhubaneshwar, Guntur, and Patna.
  • JIPMER (Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research), Puducherry: This examination facilitates admission to the 150 seats available in the institution.

Admission process for MD varies as per colleges and states and cities all over the country. Following are the exams that facilitate admission to the MD courses:

  • NEET PG Entrance Exam
  • PGIMER Entrance Exam
  • JIPMER PG Entrance Exam
  • CMC Vellore PG Medical Entrance Exam
  • COMEDK PGET PG Entrance Exam
  • MU OET PG Entrance Exam
  • AIIMS PG Medical Entrance Exam
  • AIPGMEE

Course fees

The course fees for MBBS vary as per the institutions. The institutions funded and run by the central government only have around Rs 10,000 as their annual fees. Whereas, the annual fees of a private institution ranges from Rs 50,000 to 2, 00,000.

The course fees for MD also vary according to the institution and are strikingly different for the private and government institutions. The average annual fee ranges from Rs 10,000 to Rs 3, 00,000.

Which course should you pursue?

Now that you know about both the courses, it is time to give a thought to your preferences. If you wish to work immediately after graduating, then MBBS is the right degree for you. The possible job profiles you can have after MBBS are a junior surgeon, physician, lecturer, medical analyst, a junior doctor, researcher, and many more.

After pursuing MD, you have a chance to work for both the private and government sectors at distinctively high salaries. You can also be an Associate Professor. And lastly, all the passionate doctors can continue saving people’s lives with their discipline-specific skills.

MBBS or MD, both the degrees are equally respected and honored! Make a choice based on the years you are willing to devote and your interest in specializing.

Related Articles

Why GITAM Institute of Medical Science and Research makes an excellent choice for every Medical Aspirant?

GITAM Institute of Medical Sciences and Research (GIMSR) is a premier institute for professional education, equipped with world-class facilities and aligned with Global Standards of professional education. Standing in all its magnificence on the shores of the Bay of Bengal i...
Read More

Why Choose Jiangsu University to Pursue a Higher Education?

Medicine is a popular choice of profession amongst Indian students where in thousands of aspiring entrants apply on a daily basis. However, most of India’s privileged institutions are extremely expensive and have many added formalities that c...
Read More

How Huazhong University of Science & Technology will Shape your Medical Career

Founded in the year 1907, Huazhong University of Science & Technology (HUST), a public research university, is situated in Wuhan, Hubei province, China. Apart from Beijing and Shanghai, Wuha...
Read More

Top Articles

MBBS_seats_in_India_and_Abroad_20206567_m-1.jpeg

MBBS seats in India and Abroad – Total number of seats in UG and PG

Dreaming big is the prerequisite to success. Aspiring to get into a medical college and serving society is crucial to achieving it. Only students with an exceptional academic record can dare to even think of studying medicine. The statements are no exaggeration if you go through recent statistics of the great Indian battle for admission...
Read More
Top_10_Medical_Colleges_41854723_m.jpeg

Top 10 Medical Colleges in the World for MBBS

Medicine is a preferred academic choice for many students. However, it is a highly competitive field of study with an abundance of applicants every year. While prospective students from India have several choices at their disposal Just for Education Just For Education brings you the best information on Medical Studies for India and Abroad. Just...
Read More
Just_For_Education_40508101_m.jpeg

MBBS from A to Z: Everything You Need to Know about Doing Your MBBS

MBBS is the abbreviation for ‘Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery.’ It is a prestigious degree that a person must have to become a fully licensed medical professional or doctor and to practice medicine in India. Just for Education Just For Education brings you the best information on Medical Studies for India and Abroad. Just...
Read More

Latest Articles

Get an MBBS from Government Medical College in Bhavnagar, Gujarat

The transformation of the medical education system in India has been remarkable in the past couple of decades. NEET has replaced the old entrance examination pattern and become the sole...
Read More
mbbs in west indies

All you need to know about Smt. B.K. Shah Medical Institute and Research Centre

Why should one choose SBKS Medical College and Research Centre? • SBKS MIRC, being one of the premier medical institutions in India, is taking up dynamic research work and is...
Read More
mbbs in india

Shri Krishna Medical College, Muzaffarpur, Bihar

Why Should You Choose to Study at Shri Krishna Medical College, Muzaffarpur? Shri Krishna Medical College in Muzaffarpur is an esteemed government college. It is the second-largest hospital and medical...
Read More

Expert Eye

MBBS_India_MBBS_Abroad_43094921_m.jpeg

MBBS India V/S MBBS Abroad

This medical undergraduate course has caught the fancy of many students since times immemorial. It is deemed to be one of the most challenging and sophisticated academic disciplines which requires...
Read More
MBBS_Course_in_India_58604180_m.jpeg

MBBS Course duration in India 2018 – Is it 5 1/2 years or 6 1/2 years?

MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) is one of the most coveted professional degrees in India. It gives you the prefix of “Doctor,” earns you good money, and...
Read More
About the author

Just For Education brings you the best information on Medical Studies for India and Abroad. Just For Education is a top medical education consultant. The best medical colleges and universities for medical studies are curated and presented to you by Just For Education.

Leave a Reply

Download the MBBS Abroad Definitive Guide
Get all information about doing your MBBS Abroad in a single Definitive Guide.


Download Now