Chemistry is divided into three parts, namely, inorganic chemistry, organic chemistry, and physical chemistry. There are a total of 45 questions in the Chemistry section which sums up to a total of 180 marks.
It is advised to prepare a proper timetable and a study plan while you prepare for the NEET examination. Also, it is necessary to follow the timetable to complete the topics as per the schedule. Practicing previous years’ papers will give the candidate a good hold over the topics and help them for a better preparation.
The section-wise weightage is given below:
In the table mentioned below, you will find the number of questions along with total marks allotted and their respective weightage percentage.
The topic wise weightage for this section is as follows:
|Unit and Topic||Number of Questions||Total Marks||Weightage Percentage|
|Periodic Table & Periodicity in Properties||1||4||2.22%|
|d-block & f-block Elements||2||8||4.44%|
|General Organic Chemistry—II||3||12||6.67%|
|Alkyl Halide, Alcohol & Ether (Reaction Mechanism)||2||8||4.44%|
|Chemistry in Everyday Life||1||4||2.22%|
|IUPAC & Isomerism||2||8||4.44%|
|Practical Organic Chemistry||1||4||2.22%|
|Atomic Structure & Nuclear Chemistry Chemical Equilibrium||1||4||2.22%|
|Thermodynamics and Thermochemistry||2||8||4.44%|
|Solution & Colligative Properties||1||4||2.22%|
You will see in the above table that the maximum weightage is to Organic Chemistry, which is indeed challenging for students. Hence, it is important that they focus more on this part, as many questions are asked from here.
Chemistry is a highly scoring section in NEET UG Exam if a candidate prepares for it strategically.
Most of the numerical problems are asked from the following chapters: Equilibrium, Thermodynamics, Chemical Bonding, States of Matter and Electrochemistry, Chemical Kinetics, Structure of Atom, Solutions. Make sure to revise the formulae on a regular basis.
Organic Chemistry: Be aware of atomic and chemical properties of halogens, chalcogens, and nitrogen group. The concepts of acidity, the basicity of acids and bases like Lewis type, Bronsted type, and knowledge of their salts like NaCl, KCl, and so on should be clear to score high.
Inorganic Chemistry: Study inorganic chemistry from NCERT textbooks. Pay extra attention to d-block elements and coordination compounds. Practice a good number of questions and learn all the exceptions.
Physical Chemistry: Prepare flashcards for all named reactions and revise them every day. Use different colored pens to do so, as the human eye is more receptive to colors. Do not forget to revise named reactions and formulae once before going to bed.
According to the question paper analysis of ten years, a large number of questions were asked from chapters like Molecular Structure, Chemical Bonding, Hydrocarbons, p-block elements, and Equilibrium.
The graph represents the total number of Chemistry questions asked in NEET for the last ten years:
Percentage Distribution of Questions
Candidates are asked questions from chapter and topics that they have studied in classes XI and XII. It is advised to focus more on class XII syllabus. There are several High Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) questions from class XII, such as Ketones, Aldehydes, Solutions, p-Block elements, and Carboxylic Acids.
The graphs given below show the percentage-wise distribution of questions asked from the topics studied in classes XI and XII:
Important Topics for Chemistry in NEET
A wide range of conceptual and numerical questions are asked from some of the important topics. Here is a list of topics that require attention and more hard work as compared to other topics.
|Topics||Number of Questions in Ten Years|
|Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure||39|
|Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids||33|
|d- and f- Block Elements||32|
Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
The number of questions has decreased, but the level of difficulty has increased. According to the examination paper analysis, candidates should expect questions on Valence Bond Theory, VSEPR theory, Hybridization, and Dipole moment.
This is one of the topics from organic chemistry that includes a large number of conceptual questions in the NEET UG exam. Candidates should practice and revise rigorously and solve concept-based questions.
Many questions are asked in the NEET exam on this topic. According to the analysis, this topic is of a moderately difficult level. Consider the graph given below to get the exact information.
A total of 34 questions are asked from this chapter. Most of the questions are based on fundamental concepts. The graph below gives a thorough analysis of the number of questions in the last ten years from this topic:
Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids
The topics in this chapter from which questions are asked frequently include nomenclature, preparation, and reactions of carboxylic acid and other compounds. The graph below gives a thorough analysis of the number of questions in the last ten years from these topics:
For NEET chemistry, NCERT books are considered to be the best for understanding the concepts. Also, practicing questions from other reference books will help the candidate boost his/her confidence. A few high-grade reference books are mentioned below.
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